Louis XIV – In the middle of the 17th century, the king of France, Louis XIV, favoured a very grand style of interior. Furniture was heavy and finishings were fussy. Gilding was everywhere – on doors, furniture, mouldings – and yet more decoration was added with boule marquetry on furniture, (using tortoiseshell and brass) and detailed paintings on ceilings.
Victorian Style – One of the most popular of these interior designs includes the Victorian style. Victorian decoration arts refer to the styling of decorative arts within the Victorian period. The Victorian period will be known for its interpretation of historic styles, eclectic revival and the presentation of cross-cultural influences of Asia and the Middle East in interior decoration, fittings and furniture.
Bare rooms were thought to be in bad taste, so each surface had to be filled with items which reflected the homeowner’s aspirations and interests. Dining rooms were the second-most vital rooms within the home. The sideboard most oftentimes was the dining room’s focal point and extremely ornately decorated. A cedar unfinished chest would go well in any one of these rooms.
Louis XV – During the early 18th century Louis XV or more likely, his talented and cultured mistress, Madame de Pompadour, sculpted this heavier style into something considerably more delicate and feminine, introducing the most French of attributes – the curve. From 1723 – 1760 these curves took on a rather frivolous manner of their own resulting in the style called Rococo, where symmetry was lost and nature took over as branches, leaves, icicles and waterfalls were the favoured decorative motifs.
Louis XVI – By the time the new king Louis came along, direction changed again and the wild, silly curves of the Rococo were replaced with the elegant and formal lines of neo-Classicism. Pompeii and Hurculaneum had been excavated earlier in the century and the appreciation for classic Roman and Greek artefacts was reflected in the interior and exterior styles.